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Bertha Clausen Jaques. 1863-1941

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Walnuts (Junglans). 1937. Drypoint. Jaques 437. 8 7/8 x 6 3/4 (sheet 14 1/8 x 9 1/8). A very rich impression printed on Japanese mulberry paper. The small dark area, lower left, is a fragment of mulberry paper on the verso. Provenance: the artist's estate. Signed, titled and annotated "1st proof - and a good one too" in pencil. Housed in a 23 x 19-inch gold wood frame. $350.

Walnuts (genus Juglans) are plants in the walnut family Juglandaceae. They are deciduous trees, 10-40m tall, with pinnate leaves 20-90cm long, with 5-25 leaflets; the shoots have chambered pith, a character shared with the wingnuts (Pterocarya) but not the hickories (Carya) in the same family.

The Latin name Juglans derives from Jovis glans, "Jupiter's nuts", the nut fit for a god; throughout recorded history the walnut has widely been regarded as the best nut of any. Walnuts are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Brown-tail, Common Emerald, Emperor Moth and The Engrailed. The word walnut derives from Old English walhnutu, literally "foreign nut", wealh meaning "foreign" (wealh is akin to the terms Welsh and Vlach; see *Walha and History of the term Vlach). The walnut was so called because it was introduced from Gaul and Italy. The Late Latin name for the walnut was nux Gallica, "Gallic nut".

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