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The Era of Downton Abbey: The People, the Fashions, the Locale.

Downton Abbey is a television series, set on the fictional estate of Downton Abbey in the North Riding of Yorkshire, country house of the Earl and Countess of Grantham, and follows the lives of the aristocratic Crawley family and their servants during the reign of King George V. The first series spans the two years before the Great War beginning with news of the sinking of the Titanic, which sets the story in motion. The second series covers the years 1916 to 1919, and the 2011 Christmas Special December covers the 1919 Christmas period, ending in early 1920.

Highclere Castle in Hampshire, on the estate of the Carnarvon family, was used for exterior shots of Downton Abbey and most of the interior filming. The village of Bampton in Oxfordshire was used for filming outdoor scenes, most notably St Mary's Church and the library, which serves as the entrance to the cottage hospital. The Yorkshire towns and cities of Easingwold, Kirkby, Kirkbymoorside, Leeds, Malton, Middlesbrough, Ripon, Richmond, Thirsk and York have been mentioned by characters in the series.

The series was well received in both the United Kingdom and the United States, averaging more than six million viewers per episode.Created and principally written by actor and writer Julian Fellowes, the series premièred on ITV on 26 September 2010 and on PBS on 9 January 2011. It has become the most successful British costume drama since the 1981 television serial version of Brideshead Revisited, and in 2011 it entered the Guinness Book of World Records as the "most critically acclaimed English-language television show" for the year, becoming the first co-produced US/British show to be so recognised by the Guinness Book of Records.

The historical background of the series is illustrated in the following sections: The People, the fashions, the Locale.

All works are signed in pencil or ink or paint unless indicated otherwise.

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The People: Royalty, the Aristocracy, the Staff

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Royalty.

Paul César Helleu. 1859-1927.

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After the death of Edward VII, his son, George, was crowned King George V in June 1911.

Joseph Pennell. 1857-1926.

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Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary in Westminster Abbey. June 22, 1911. 1911. Lithograph. Wuerth 197. 21 x 16 (sheet 25 1/8 x 20). Edition about 30. Slightly toned; otherwise excellent condition. A fine impression printed on cream wove paper. An extremely scarce and important historical image. Signed in pencil. $2,000.

In November 1896, Consuelo Vanderbilt married Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough (1871–1934). It was a loveless marriage. At the time, European aristocrats often married American heiresses. Frequently the nobility looked upon the Americans who married into their caste as intruders, unworthy of their new position. In Downton Abbey, The Right Honourable Robert Crawley, Earl of Grantham came to love his wife, The Right Honourable Cora Crawley, Countess of Grantham.

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La Duchesse de Marlborough, Consuelo Vanderbilt. c. 1901. Drypoint. Montesquiou 8. 21 1/2 x 13 3/4. A rich impression printed on white wove paper with full margins. Signed in pencil in the image. This portrait is the artist's master work. Price upon request.

Highclere Castle in Hampshire, on the estate of the Carnarvon family, was used for exterior shots of Downton Abbey and most of the interior filming. Almina Victoria Marie Alexandra Wombell married George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, the 5th Earl of Caenarvon, excavator of Tutankhamon's tomb.

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Lady Carnarvon. c. 1901. Drypoint. 15 1/8 x 10 1/4 (sheet 17 5/8 x 12 5/8). A rich impression printed on white wove paper. Signed, numbered in pencil and annotated 'Tireé à 10, planche detruite'. Edition 10, #3. $3,500.

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The Staff.

John Bates, Lord Grantham's valet, goes on trial for murder.

Salomon Van Abbé, A.R.E. 1883-1955.

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The Judgment. 1929. Drypoint. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4 (sheet 18 1/4 x 12 3/8). Edition 50, #29. A rich impression printed on 'England' cream laid paper, on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed and numbered in pencil. Illustrated: Print Collector's Quarterly 26 (1939): 292. $500.

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The Law. 1928. Drypoint. 10 1/4 x 10 1/8 (sheet 18 1/2 x 12 1/2). Final trial proof, apart from the edition 50. A rich impression printed on 'J Whatman' cream laid paper, on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed and annotated in pencil. $500.

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A Point of Law. 1929. Drypoint. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4 (sheet 18 1/4 x 12 3/8). Edition 50, #29. A rich impression printed on 'England' cream laid paper, on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed and numbered in pencil. Illustrated: Print Collector's Quarterly 26 (1939): 292. $500.

Sarah O'Brien, Lady Grantham's maid, and Thomas Barrow, Footman, later Lord Grantham's valet, seem to smoke constantly.

Edmund Blampied, R.E. 1886-1966.

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Below Stairs. 1939-31. Drypoint. Appleby 143. 10 1/4 x 7 3/4 (sheet 13 1/2 x 10 3/8). Edition 100, #42. A very impression on cream-colored 'Whatman' laid paper with full margins. Signed and numbered in ink. 2,250.

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Chez Madame Dupont. 1931-32. Drypoint. Appleby 158. 8 3/16 x 11 3/4 ( 11 1/8 x 18 1/3). Edition 100, #75. A fine impression on pale cream-colored laid paper, printed on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed and numbered in ink. $1,250.

The cook, Beryl Patmore, is constantly busy.

Edmund Blampied, R.E. 1886-1966.

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Madame Dupré 1929-30. Drypoint. A 147. 8 5/8 x 7 1/8. Edition 100. $1,250.

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The Fashions: An Era of Elegance -- especially Hats.

Edmund Blampied, R.E. 1886-1966.

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Summer.1914. Drypoint. Appleby 46. 6 7/8 x 4 7/8 (sheet 11 5/8 x 9 3/16). Edition 77. Printed on cream wove paper on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed in pencil. $650.

Arthur Paine Garratt. Born 1875.

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The Feathered Hat. c.1912. Drypoint.10 7/8 x 7 3/4. A rich impression printed with drypoint burr on cream paper with full margins. Unsigned. The elegant hat is decorated with tulle and peacock feathers. The print is housed in a burled wood frame with a gold beaded lip. $275.

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The Plumed Hat. c.1912. Drypoint. 10 7/8 x 7 7/8. A rich impression printed with drypoint burr on cream paper with full margins. Extensive pencil additions. Unsigned. The brimmed hat is decorated with plumes at the back. The print is housed in a black wood frame with a silver beaded lip. $275.

Paul César Helleu. 1859-1927.

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Le Noeud Bleu (The Hat with the Blue Bow). c. 1905. Drypoint printed in four colors (black, brown, blue, red). Montesquieu 40. 21 x 13 (sheet 21/1/4x 13 1/4). Edition 80, # 6. Slight paper rub below the bottom plate mark, outside the image; otherwise excellent condition. A fine impression with subtle colors. Signed in pencil. This portrait of Miss Madelaine Dolley, a dancer from the Folies-Bergere, is one of Helleu's most delightful images. $4,000.

Louis Auguste Mathieu Legrand. 1863-1951.

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Au Café -- La Negresse. 1908. Etching and drypoint. Exsteens 271.i/ii. 11 x 5 5/8. Series: Les Bars. From the first state edition of 30 proofs with the remarque sketch at the foot of the image (total edition 95). Printed on laid paper watermarked "Pellet et Legrand" on the full sheet with deckle edges. With the red Pellet stamp, lower right. Ex collection: Vincent Price. Signed in pencil. $2,000.

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The Locale.

Oliver Hall, R.A., R.E., R.S.W. 1869-1957.

Bolton Castle is located in Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales. It was built in 1399 by Richard le Scrope of the famous Scrope family, and is an example of a quadrangular castle. The castle is still owned by the descendants of the Scrope family and is a tourist attraction. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War, but much of it remains. Mary Queen of Scots, was held for six months in the castle.

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Bolton Castle: Vista. 1894. Etching. 4 1/4 x 7 7/8 (sheet 5 1/16 x 8 3/4). A fine impression printed with subtle plate tone on fine laid paper. An early state, before the signature and date '1895' in the plate. Signed and dated in pencil. $225.

Broughton Moor is situated on an extensive moor which lies about midway between Maryport and Great and Little Broughton, County Durham. Slate is mined at the Broughton Moor pit.

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Broughton Moor Pits, Durham. c. 1920. Etching and drypoint. 7 7/8 x 11 13/16 (sheet 10 x 14 3/8). A fine impression on cream wove paper. Signed in pencil. $325

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[A Yorkshire Road]. c. 1924. Etching and drypoint. 5 x 7 1/4(sheet 7 1/2 x 10 1/2). A fine impression on cream laid paper watermarked 'FJ Head & Co'. Signed in pencil. $225.

Fountains Abbey in Ripon, Yorkshire, is Britain's largest monastic ruin. It was founded in 1132 by 13 Benedictine monks seeking a simpler life.

Henry Rushbury, A.R.A., R.E. 1889-1968.

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Fountains Abbey. 1916. Drypoint and engraving. 8 7/8 x 12 1/4 (sheet 11 1/8 x 15). Edition 100. A rich impression printed on cream laid paper, on the full sheet with deckle edges. Slight sun toning; otherwise fine condition. Signed in pencil. $350.

Fountains Abbey is approximately three miles south west of Ripon in North Yorkshire, England near to the village of Aldfield. Founded in 1132, the abbey operated for over 400 years, until 1539, when Henry VIII ordered the Dissolution of the Monasteries. It is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England.

Sir Frank Short, R.A., P.R.E. 1857-1945.

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A Hayfield in Yorkshire (after a watercolor by Peter De Wint, 1784-1849). 1904. Mezzotint. Hardie 80.ii. 8 3/4 x 11 11/13 (sheet 12 5/8 x 15 5/8). A very rich impression, printed on warm chine affixed to a cream wove paper support sheet, as issued. Signed in pencil. $350.

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Knaresborough England. (after a watercolor by Peter De Wint, 1784-1849). c. 1904. Mezzotint. Hardie 80.ii. 7 7/16 x 11 3/8 (sheet 13 3/8 x 18). A very rich impression, printed on warm chine affixed to a cream wove paper support sheet, as issued. Signed in pencil. The main tower of Knaresborough Castle stands high on a cliff overlooking the River Nidd, in North Yorkshire. $350.

The main tower of Knaresborough Castle stands high on a cliff overlooking the River Nidd, in North Yorkshire.

Douglas Ian Smart, R.E. 1876-1970.

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Richmond, Yorkshire. c. 1900. Ink drawing. 10 3/8 x 14 15/16 (sheet 11 x 15 1/2). Drawn on heavy cream wove paper. Provenance: a collection of Smart etchings, drawings and watercolors. Signed, titled, and dated in pencil, lower right. $125.

Sir Muirhead Bone. 1876-1953.

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Leeds. 1905. Drypoint. Dodgson 181.ii. 8 x 11 (sheet 8 5/8 x 13). Edition 34 impressions in 2 states. A rich impression with plate tone printed on Japanese mulberry paper. $750.

Leeds Cathedral, formally The Cathedral Church of St Anne, commonly known as Saint Anne's Cathedral, is the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Diocese of Leeds, and is the seat of the Bishop of Leeds. It is in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

Kenneth Holmes, A.R.C.A. Born 1902.

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Town Hall Steps Skipton, Yorkshire. 1929. Drypoint. 7 1/2x 10 (sheet 11 7/16 x 15 7/16). Published by James Connell in an edition of sixty proofs only. A very rich impression printed on cream laid paper with full margins. Illustrated: Fine Prints of the Year, 1929. Signed in reverse in the plate, lower left; also humorously signed on the advertising sign to the right of the telephone booth on the corner. Signed in pencil. Sold with the copper etching plate, 7 5/8 x 10 1/16. The image on the plate is reversed in the etching when the etching is printed. $975 the pair.

William Walcot, R.E. 1874-1943.

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York Minster -- the West Front. 1923. Drypoint. Dickins 78. 5 7/16 x 7 3/8 (sheet 9 5/8 x 12 3/4). Edition 275. A fine proof printed on cream wove paper on the full sheet with deckle edges. Signed in pencil. $500.

York Minster, a Gothic cathedral in York, England, is one of the largest in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the second-highest office of the Church of England, and is the cathedral for the Diocese of York. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title. William Lionel Wyllie, R.A., R.I., R.E. 1851-1931.

Whitby is a seaside town, port and civil parish in the Scarborough borough of North Yorkshire, England. Situated on the east coast of Yorkshire at the mouth of the River Esk, Whitby has a combined maritime, mineral and tourist heritage, and is home to the ruins of Whitby Abbey where Caedmon, the earliest English poet, lived. The fishing port emerged during the Middle Ages and developed important herring and whaling fleets,and was where Captain Cook learned seamanship. Tourism started in Whitby in Georgian times and developed with the coming of the railway in 1839. Tourist interest is enhanced by its location surrounded by the high ground of the North York Moors national park and heritage coastline and by association with the horror novel Dracula.

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Whitby from the North-West. c. 1928. Etching and drypoint. 4 1/4 x 12 3/4 (sheet 9 3/8 x 17 ). Printed with subtle plate tone on cream laid paper. Signed in pencil. $1,150.

Yorkshire Cobles are small boats were used for fishing and foying (tending shipping) in the rugged conditions of the northeast coast and North Sea.

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Yorkshire Cobles. c. 1928. Etching and drypoint. 4 3/8 x 12 7/8 (sheet 7 5/8 x 17 1/4). A rich impression with plate tone printed on cream wove paper. Signed and annotated 'to R Dunthorne' (the well-known print publisher) in pencil. $975. Srule10.gif - 377 Bytes

The Great War: London

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London

Alfred Kloke. 1922-1997 (after).

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Winston S. Churchill - Man of the Century. 1999. Reproductive lithograph after the portrait sketch by Alfred Kloke, originally drawn in Berlin, 1948. 13 x 13 (image and sheet). Published by Chartwell Booksellers, New York, in 1999. Edition 500, #100. $250.

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, DL, FRS, Hon. RA ( 1874-1965) was born into the aristocratic family of the Dukes of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jenny Jerome, was an American socialite. During the World War I, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the Gallipoli Campaign. He then served briefly on the Western Front, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air.

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Downton Abbey: the Aftermath

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Lady Sybil Crawley, youngest daughter of the Earl of Grantham, trains as a nurse and joins the Voluntary Aid Detachment, caring for the wounded soldiers at Downtown Abbey during the war. She falls in love with and subsequently marries, the Irish chaffeur, Tom Branson. Feeling that she could never go back to her life before the war, she marries Tom Branson, and returns with him to Ireland.

Ireland

Gerald Leslie Brockhurst, R.A., R.E. 1890-1978.

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A Ballynakill Woman. 1926. Etching. Fletcher 53. Published state. 5 3/8 x 4 1/8 (sheet 10 5/8 x 8 1/2). Printed on 'ENGLAN[D]' countermarked cream laid paper with full margins. Total edition of 107. Signed in pencil. The woman portrayed was the mother of the two children in The West of Ireland (Fletcher 61). $600.

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A Connemara Peasant. 1921. Etching. Fletcher 24. 6 7/16 x 4 3/8 (wheet 11 3 /4 x 9 3/16). Edition 76. A rich impression with plate tone printed on cream wove paper with wide margins. Etched from a drawing now in the British Museum. An impression was exhibited at the RE, 1923. Signed in pencil. $375.

Sir Francis Seymour Haden, R.A., P.R.E. 1818-1910.

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A Sunset in Ireland. 1863. Etching and drypoint. Schneiderman 47.viii/xiv. 5 1/2 x 8 1/2. As published in Études à l'eau forte. A rich, glowing impression on light tan laid tissue paper. Signed in pencil. Philip Gilbert Hamerton wrote "With the exception of one plate by Claude, this is the finest etching of a landscape subject that has ever been executed in the world." Illustrated: Guichard, British Etchers, 1850-1940; Keppel, The Golden Age of Engraving; Print Collector's Quarterly 1 (1911): 18. $1,500.

Job Nixon. 1891-1938.

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Lismore Castle. c. 1925. Drypoint. 6 1/2 x 9 13/16 (sheet 8 7/8 x 11 3/8). A rich impression printed with plate tone, on cream-colored laid paper with deckle edges on 3 sides. Signed in pencil. $275.

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Lady Mary breaks her engagement to Sir Richard Carlisle, and contemplates visiting her grandmother, Martha Levinson, in New York or Newport to weather the expected scandal.

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New York.

Childe Frederick Hassam, N.A. 1859-1935.

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The Bill Boards, New York. c. 1919. Etching. Cortissoz, Clayton 87. 4 5/8 x 6 (sheet 6 3/8 x 9 5/8). A fine impression with carefully-wiped plate tone printed on white wove paper with deckle edges. Drying tack holes in the margins. Provenance: William Macbeth Gallery, New York. Signed and dated 1896 in the plate; signed with the cypher in pencil. $8,500.

Martin Lewis, N.A. 1881-1962.

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Skyline, New York. 1919. Etching and drypoint. McCarron 36. 8 7/8 x 10 3/8 (sheet 12 1/4 x 14 . 11 recorded impressions (intended edition 50. Lewis states that he destroyed 6 of the 11 proofs returned to him by Kennedy). A luminous impression printed on beige wove paper. An extremely rare image as apparently only 5 proofs are extant. $15,000.

Charles Frederick William Mielatz. 1861-1919.

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Ericsson's Day, No. 1. 1914. Etching. 6 x 9 (sheet 7 3/8 x 11). Printed on cream wove paper on the full sheet with deckle edges. Proof with subtle plate tone in sepia ink, printed by the artist himself. Accompanied by the pencil study, with a drawing of ships on the verso. 7 3/4 x 10 1/4 (sheet 7 3/16 x 12 5/16). The drawing unsigned; the etching signed in pencil. $1,750 the pair.

Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson. 1889-1948.

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On the Roof Garden. 1919. Mezzotint. Leicester Galleries 53, Guichard 32. 8 1/4 x 4 5/8 (sheet 11 3/8 x 9). Edition 50. New York set. A richly inked impression printed on "Hand [made]' laid paper,with full margins. Nevinson made only 6 mezzotints. A superb impression of this rare print. Nevinson captures the essential spirit of the flapper. Signed in pencil. $7,500.

Joseph Pennell. 1857-1926.

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The City in 1915 (The Unbelieveable City, No. 2). 1915. Etching. Wuerth 679. 8 1/4 x 10 3/4 (sheet 11 3/16 x 15). Edition probably 75. Illustrated: Bryant, Joseph Pennell's New York Etchings. A rich impression with selsetive plate tone printed on antique laid paper with a partial watermark.Signed and annotated 'imp' in pencil indicating a proof printed by the artist. $1,750.

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New York, from Brooklyn. 1915. Etching. Wuerth 671. 7 3/8 x 11 3/4 (sheet 9 3/8 x 14). Edition probably 80. A rich impression with plate tone, printed by the artist on simili-Japan paper. Signed and annotated 'imp' in pencil. $1,750.

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The Woolworth Building. 1915. Etching. Wuerth 675. 11 7/8 x 7 3/8 (sheet 15 x 9 1/4). Edition about 100. Signed in pencil. A rich, tonal impression printed on antique laid paper from an old volume. The inking and wiping suggest a misty morning. $1,500.

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Newport, Rhode Island.

Clifford Isaac Addams. 1876 - 1942.

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Bailey's Beach VI (Newport, Rhode Island). 1933. Etching. Hausberg 126.v/vi. Edition 75. 6 x 7 7/8 (sheet 9 3/8 x 12 3/8). Printed with extensive plate tone with plate tone on 'Van Gelder Zonen Holland' watermarked wove paper. Signed, dated, titled and annotated 'A imp del' in pencil. $750 the pair.

Bailey's Beach (Newport, Rhode Island). c. 1931-1933. Etching and drypoint. Hausberg 130.vi. Edition 75. 6 x 7 7/8 (sheet 9 9/16 x 12 1/2). Printed cream wove paper with deckle edges. There is a horizontal tear well below the image. Unsigned. $750 for the pair.

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House on Cliff Walk, Newport, R.I. 1931-1932. Etching and drypoint. Hausberg 138.i/ii. Edition 75 in this state. 5 7/8 x 7 7/8 (sheet 9 x 13 1/2). A rich impression printed by the artist on Japanese mulberry paper. Signed and annotated 'A imp' in pencil.

House on Cliff Walk, Newport, Rhode Island or Caprice, Newport, Rhode Island.. 1931/33. Etching. Hausberg 138.ii. 5 15/16 x 8 (sheet 7 7/8 x 9 5/8). A rich impression with plate tone, printed on cream wove paper. Unsigned. $750 the pair.

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Christmas 1919-1920: The Proposal

Lady Mary Josephine Crawley, eldest daughter of the Earl of Grantham, accepts the marriage proposal of Mr. Matthew Crawley, Third cousin, once removed, of the Earl of Grantham, heir presumptive to the title and estate.

Anders Zorn. 1860-1920.

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The Waltz. Etching. Hjert and Hjert 178.ii. Edition 40 in this state (proofs in the first two states are "very rare"). 13 5/8 x 8 13/16 (sheet 16 1/2 x 12 3/8). Illustrated: Print Collector's Quarterly 1 (1911): 613; Salaman, Modern Masters of Etching, Zigrosser, Six Centuries of Fine Prints. A rich impression printed on heavy cream-colored laid paper. Signed, inscribed indistinctly and dated 1903 in pencil. Price upon request.

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