September 13, 1918. St. Mihiel [The Great Black Cloud]. 1934. Etching, aquatint and sandpaper ground. Giardina 182.iv. 10 3/8 x 16 (sheet 13 1/8 x 18 1/4). Edition 100. Illustrated: Prints vol. VI, no. 2, 1935, page 85; Print Collector's Quarterly 26 (1939): 82; Fine Prints of the Year, 1935; Eby. War; A rich, beautifully wiped impression on cream-colored wove paper. Signed and annotated 'imp' and 'Edition 100' in pencil, indicating a proof printed by the artist. This is Eby's most famous etching.
The image is based upon his World War I experiences in France. The image depicts an army marching up an incline beneath a menacing dark sky. The soldiers proceed on foot and on horseback past muddy trenches while pushing large artillery. It is an important and rare depiction of the first independent American operation of World War I in which the American Expeditionary Force under the command of General John J. Pershing (American, 1860-1948) attacked the German forces at the Saint-Mihiel salient in Northeastern France. The fighting took place from September 12-16, 1918 with the Americans successfully taking the ground under what the Germans called the cloud of blood.
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